High level of scientific activity of higher educational institution is an integral part and a guarantee of training of highly qualified specialists.
Teachers and students of the University are engaged into scientific and research work on fundamental and applied issues of jurisprudence. 17 goal-oriented integrated programs are being elaborated. The development of scientific researches contributed to setting up of the Science of Law Institute in the University in 2009.
Much attention is paid to the legislative activity, the implementation of the results of scientific research into the legislative process.
Scientists are actively involved in the preparation of draft legislation acting as experts of important normative legal acts, making suggestions for improvement of current legislation in force. Besides, they are actively working to provide expert advice to the requests of the judges of the Constitutional Court of Ukraine, Supreme Court of Ukraine and other high courts and authorities.
The University has made a valuable contribution to the development of a law-governed state, to the improvement of the law-making process and law application. Legal scientists took part in the development of the valid constitution of Ukraine. The majority of draft laws and codes, considered and adopted by the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, were prepared or underwent a scientific examination by the scientists of the University.
Professors and lecturers of the University are constantly cooperating with the Administration of the President, Committees of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, the Cabinet of Ministers, ministries and government departments, local authorities in the law-making sphere. They also have a great influence on the practice of the law application: the majority of the draft resolutions of the Supreme Court Plenum, the Higher Commercial Court, the Higher Administrative Court are discussed by the staff of faculties, and are given qualified conclusions. Many scientists of the University are advisers, members of advisory committees of the highest judicial authorities, General Prosecutor’s Office, Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Internal Affairs etc. 13 representatives of the University were involved in the work of the newly-established Constitutional Assembly.
International, national and regional scientific conferences, «round tables», seminars are held on a regular basis. Special attention should be paid to the International scientific and practical conferences held annually: «The development of labour legislation and social security: achievements and challenges», «Values of modern constitutionalism» (Todyka`s readings), «Guidelines for Development of Criminal Law and the ways to improve Ukrainian legislation on criminal liability» etc.
Results of research find their reflection in the pages of scientific journals. Thus 5 specialized collections of scientific articles are published: «Problems of legality», «Journal of National University «Yaroslav the Wise Law Academy of Ukraine» etc. Series: philosophy, philosophy of law, political science, sociology, Bulletin of National University «Yaroslav the Wise Law Academy of Ukraine». Series: Economic Theory and Law, «Criminologist the first printed» and electronic edition of «The Theory and Practice of Law».
The University has postgraduate studies and doctoral studies that are available for all legal specialties. There are 4 specialized academic councils with the right to consider and to conduct the defense of the theses of all legal specialties for the degree of Doctor (PhD) sciences.
Long-term experience in the research work conducted in the University, close relationship with the scientific centers of Ukraine and other countries conditioned the formation of prominent scientific schools, including general theoretical research of state and law, issues of criminal, constitutional, administrative, environmental law, civil law sciences etc.
The founders of the scientific school of administrative law are professors O.M. Yakuba, R.S. Pavlovskiy, Y.P. Bytyak. Main directions of the scientific research of administrative law school are problem issues of General and Special parts of administrative law: administrative and legal status of citizens of Ukraine, functions, forms and methods of state management, state service and personnel structure of the government bodies, customs law, administrative duress and administrative responsibility according to administrative law, customs legislation, administrative process, administrative justice and the proceedings in Ukraine, exercising control and supervision in state administration, economic management, social and cultural development as well as administrative and political activities.
For the first time the scientists of the school explored the issue of normative and legal acts appeal in administrative proceedings, application of state duress in administrative proceedings, administrative and legal status of subjects to ensure national security of Ukraine, diplomatic missions abroad etc.
The founders of the school of environmental law were Y.A. Vovk and V.K. Popov, current head is A.P. Hetman. Scientists of Environmental Law School conduct theoretical researches on problems of rational utilization, reproduction of natural resources and environmental protection, ensuring environmental safety, legal assessment of the impact of human activities on the environment, the realization and protection of environmental rights of a man and a citizen, implementation of international legal standards in national environmental legislation, economic and legal mechanism for protection of the environment, legal liability for environmental violations etc.
Among the founders of the Kharkiv historical and legal scientific school were such famous scientists as I.F. Tymkivskiy, G.P. Uspenskiy, I.I. Dityatin, I.M. Sobestyanskiy, M.O. Maksymeyko and others.
They studied the history of litigation in various judicial instances, studied the history the Lithuanian principality on the basis of archival materials, when Ukraine was a part of it for a certain period of time, studied Provincial legislative acts, the Lithuanian Statute, Code of Law of 1468 and the Kazimir Litopys of Lithuania and Russia, and also researched history of the structure and management of cities, the history of the city government, explored the history of law of the ancient Slavs, and the Russian Truth.
The main directions of modern scientific researches of leading scientists (V.D. Goncharenko, V.O. Rumyantsev, VM Yermolayev, V.I. Lozo and others) of History and Law of Ukraine and Foreign Countries Department are the history of Ukrainian statehood and law, history of land law, labor law, the history of local councils/Soviets, the history of law in Europe, Asia, Africa, Latin America, the current problems of pre-history of state and law of Ukraine, the creation and development of higher authorities of Ukraine, development of forest law, history of state and Law of the Ancient East and others.
The history of the scientific school of constitutional law is primarily associated with the names of the well-known law scientists: V.O. Barahtyan, R.S. Pavlovskiy, M.V. Yanovskiy, O.I. Svechkarov. Academician Y.M. Todyka made an important contribution into the Kharkiv school of modern constitutional law. Y.G. Barabash, V.P. Kolisnyk and others continue his work. Scientific school of constitutional law works on important scientific problems of development of the national constitutionalism. The problems of legal and democratic state, protection of the constitutional order, constitutional principles of legal regulation of information sphere, the political subject of the Constitution, constitutionalization of legal order in Ukraine, realization of the basic forms of direct democracy, constitutional and legal means of ensuring cooperation of supreme bodies of state authorities, constitutional and legal status of political parties, issues of rights, freedoms and duties of human and citizen, limits of imperative and discretionary in constitutional and legal regulation, constitutional principles of public policy realization in Ukraine are analyzed.
The founders of the school of criminalistics are O.D.Kyseliov, Y.M.Yevgeniyev-Tysh, O.A.Yelyseyev, M.S. Bokarius, M.M.Bokarius, L.Y.Arotsker, V.P.Kolmakov, O. N.Kolisnychenko. At present, the traditions of the school of criminalistics are headed by V.O.Konovalova, V.Y.Shepitko, V.A.Zhuravel, V.M.Shevchuk, A.L.Dudnikov, O.Y.Bululukov and others. Scientists pay much attention to the innovation process in criminalistics, the study of scientific and technical equipment and information technologies, tactical and psychological problems in the work of criminal justice authorities, psychology of certain investigative actions, the formation of certain criminalistics methods.
The emergence and formation of the Kharkiv school of criminal law is closely connected with the history of Kharkiv Imperial University, where, since 1805, the Department of civil rights and criminal justice in the Russian Empire has functioned. Scientists that were at the origins of the school were L.E. Vladimirov, O.D. Kiseliov, M.P. Chubynskiy, V.S. Trahterov.
A new stage in the development of the Kharkiv school of criminal law (with such representatives as G.I. Volkov, M.M. Grodzinskiy, M.M. Yeminnyk, D.N. Rosenberg, S.M. Kanarskiy) started in 1920 after the formation of the Law Faculty at the University.
M.I. Bazhanov, V.V. Stashys, V.Y. Tatsiy started to work with the problems of criminal law in the middle of 1950s. These prominent figures made a decisive influence on the formation of the Kharkiv school of criminal law in the way it is at present.
The key research areas of modern representatives of this school are almost all the issues of general and special part of criminal law. Problems of doctrine of criminal law, crime and criminal liability are being developed. Finally, an important place in the studies of Kharkiv criminalists is taken by the issues of criminal liability for the certain types of crimes.
There are two research directions within the criminal procedure law school: a study of the legal status and the mechanism of protection of the individual in criminal proceedings and the elaboration of the mechanism to adopt the criminal procedure decisions. The founder of the first scientific direction is A.L.Ryvlin, the other direction was set up by M.M.Grodzynskiy. Current leader of the criminal procedure law school is Y.M.Groshoviy. Under his leadership scientists explore new challenges of criminal procedure that are connected with the strengthening of judicial protection of constitutional rights of citizens, the increasing of the reliability of the proves in criminal proceedings, international legal standards of the protection of human rights and freedoms, the European Court of Human Rights practice etc. Kharkiv criminal procedure law scientists are always at the forefront of reforms of the criminal procedure law legislation, they express their suggestions and comments in the draft laws that are important for the formation of legal statehood in Ukraine.
Teaching of International Law in Kharkiv started in 1805. At that time, international law was taught by Johann Shad within the framework of the courses «Natural Law» and «Diplomacy».
Pre-revolutionary period of Kharkiv school of international law is associated with the names of a number of prominent scientists: T.F.Stepanov, D.I.Kachenovskiy, A.M.Stoyanov, V.P.Danevsksiy, V.A.Yastrzhembskiy and others. In 1920-1930 international law in Kharkiv was explored by V.A.Yastrzhembskiy, O.M.Gladstern, M.M.Lozynskiy, V.M.Koretskiy.
The post-war revival of the Kharkiv school of international law in the second half of the twentieth century is connected with the name of the academician of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic V.M.Koretskiy. V.M.Koretskiy was the supervisor of future professors I.I.Lukashuk, V.S.Semenov, M.V.Yanovskiy and others.
At present, Kharkiv school of international law is headed by Doctor of Law, professor, corresponding member of the National Academy of Legal Sciences of Ukraine, ad hoc judge of the European Court of Human Rights M.V.Buromenskiy. The main areas of research are international legal existence issues, international protection of human rights and freedoms, legal foundations of a new world order, the European Union rights etc.
The scientific school of the theory of state and law was preceded by the schools representing the Department of the Imperial University, where the researches were conducted by the outstanding professors: O.I. Palyumbetskiy, A.H.Stanislavskiy, K.M.Yarosh, M.A.Gredeskul. Later, the problems of the theory of state and law were explored by such outstanding national scientists as V.I.Slyvytskiy, V.V.Kopeychykov, V.M.Gorsheniov, M.V.Tsvik. Currently, the department of theory of state and law conducts research work within the scientific direction «Theoretical problems of governmental processes and the legal system of Ukraine», focuses on core and the most crucial issues − human rights and the guarantee of human rights, development of a legal democratic state, the formation of the national legal system.
Separate scientific schools have been formed in the course of activity of the department of labour law (1969). The representatives of the school of labour law are M.I.Baru, O.I.Protsevskiy, P.I. Zhygalkin, G.S.Goncharova, V.V.Zhernakov, S.M.Prilipko, O.M.Yaroshenko. The main directions of scientific research of the school are the problems connected with the protection of non-property interests in labour law, increasing of legal guarantees of workers in labour relations, problems of subject and method of labour law, realization of the right for work, the problem of contractual regulation of labour law, the mechanism of regulation improvement of transfer to another job, problems of conclusion and realization of collective agreements during the formation of social partnership relations in the sphere of labour, improvement of legal regulation of social and economic rights of workers and their interests, problems of the theory of social security law, regulation of pensions, sources of labour law in Ukraine, and subjects of labour relations.
The rector of the Kharkiv University M.M.Aleksyeyenko was a scientist who became a founder of the Kharkiv school of finance law (1890-1897). The key research areas of modern representatives of this school (M.P.Kucheryavenko, O.A.Lukashev, O.O.Dmytryk and others) are almost all issues of finance law and its separate parts, including tax and budget law: questions about the subject and method of finance law, issues of development and transformation of the system of finance law, concepts and classification of financial relationships; theoretical aspects of the concept and sources of finance law, problems of legal regulation of taxes and fees in Ukraine, and other controversial issues of budget and tax law. Problems of tax procedure and procedure regulations in the field of tax law are being elaborated. The controversial issues of contractual relations in the field of financial regulation, the theoretical aspects of liability for violations of financial laws are investigated.
Kharkiv scientific school of civil law is associated with the names of famous civil lawyers S.I.Vilnyanskiy, N.V.Gordon, V.P.Maslova, O.A.Pushkin, V.L.Musiyaka, Ch.N.Azimov, I.V.Zhylinkova. The key research areas of modern representatives of this school (V.I.Borysova, I.V.Spasybo-Fateyeva, V.L.Yarotskiy and others) are actual problems of civil law science, in particular, problems of implementation and protection of individual non-property and property rights of subjects of civil law, issues of share rights, copyright and patent law, ownership rights issues, problems of legal entity, tort liabilities etc.
Significant contribution into the formation of Kharkiv scientific civil procedure law school was made by scientists who worked at the department at different times: Professors S.Y.Kats and B.M.Yurkov associate Professors M.M.Vasilchenko, L.Y.Nosko, O.M.Smetska, T.M.Gubar, Y.M.Chuykov. The current tendencies of scientific researches of the civil procedure law school (headed by V.V. Komarov) are the theoretical problems of accessibility of civil proceedings, scientific and practical problems of realization of the right to a fair hearing in civil proceedings, the principles of civil procedural law, revising of court decisions, execution proceedings, international civil procedure, court decision, problems of civil jurisdiction, separate proceedings, problems of mandatory proceedings and proceedings in absentia, notary, international commercial arbitration etc.